Fill the hole with loose soil to bring it up to the level of the plantâs root ball. Choose a cutting with a pliant stem and several small leaves at the tip. This can cause wilting in poinsettia plants. Poinsettia: Expert tips on caring for your poinsettia plant and extending its lifespan. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. They're especially fun to pair with other holiday-themed indoor plants like red succulents and Christmas cacti , or arrange with greens, berries, and baubles. Your poinsettia needs about 8 hours of sunlight. Poinsettias enter a period of slowed growth following blooming when their colorful bracts fade, their leaves drop and the plant requires less light, infrequent watering and lower temperatures. When repotting, remove the poinsettia from its current container by turning the container upside down with one hand on the soil surface to hold the soil in place. Place the poinsettia in the container, then gently add damp potting soil into the space around the roots. Transplanting poinsettia plants will ensure they get plenty of root room as they grow and a new source of nutrition. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: What Do You Do With a Poinsettia After the Holidays Are Over? Choose a container that is 2 to 4 inches larger than the one in which the plant was grown. Poinsettias come in a range of colors from white to orange, but are most popular in their red variety. Check to see if your poinsettia's container has drainage holes. Trim the old branches and flowering shoots back to 4 to 6 inches with pruning shears when the poinsettia begins to grow side shoots in late February or early March. If it has grown since the last check, trim the stems back down to 6 inches (15 cm) or to your desired size, leaving 3 or 4 new leaves on the stems. Poinsettias are tropical plants and love sunlight. Firm the soil around the roots and water it well. Place the poinsettia in the container and gently firm damp medium into the space around the roots. However, if a plant patent protects the plant, it is not legal. When you want the poinsettia to bloom, start following the darkness routine mentioned above. Who doesnât appreciate a lovely, vibrant poinsettia during the holiday season? Poinsettias are a holiday staple, but once the colorful flower-like bracts are spent, they are just another houseplant. If excessive potting medium falls through holes in the bottom of the container, placing a single piece of terracotta or a coffee filter in the bottom of the container keeps the medium in place. Therefore, itâs not a bad idea to replant your poinsettia as soon as you get it home from the store. Follow the poinsettia care tips outlined so far, and you may find that your houseplant survives from â¦ When repotting, remove the poinsettia from its current container by turning the container upside down with one hand on the soil surface to hold the soil in place. Sign up for our newsletter. Eventually the leaves will start to drop off. If you are using a saucer under the container, empty any standing water to prevent root rot. Containers previously used to grow plants could contain disease pathogens and require cleaning to remove debris and a disinfecting treatment with a chlorine bleach solution. Any diseased roots, which appear dark and soft, should be cut off with a clean, sharp knife; tease apart and cut the roots of multiple plants, if necessary. All container plants need good soil, the right size container and excellent drainage, and poinsettias are no exception. When should I repot my poinsettia? How to rebloom a poinsettia. It is best to repot the poinsettia at this time, when it is about to produce a flush of new growth. However, too much moisture can lead to easier spread of disease. Poinsettias require a loose, porous and well-draining soil. Once all of the leaves have died back, prune the bushes back to two buds and keep it â¦ Any container used for poinsettia cultivation must have enough holes to ensure adequate drainage. Â© Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Sprinkle some plant fertilizer on its soil every 2 weeks to give it a nutrients boost. June: Move the poinsettia outside, pot and all. However, to achieve re-blooming, poinsettias must have an 8 to 10 week period of long, dark nights. When the holidays are over, consider saving your poinsettia to plant in the landscape. You may not get blooms again, as the plant requires very specialized lighting and treatment, but the notched foliage will still provide outstanding greenery to set off other landscape plants. With the arrival of fall, put a box over your plant or place it in a dark closet every night from around 5PM to 8AM. Absolutely, but there are some special requirements for this Mexican native to keep it thriving and lively. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Here's how to repot a plant in five steps, including all the tools you need. Pick a spot where it'll receive full sun for most of the day. Can you transplant poinsettias outside in cooler regions? The secret to healthy plants is knowing how to transplant poinsettias and what continued care they need. If needed, add... Water the plant thoroughly. If you live in an area where the temperature drops below about 45 degrees at night, you will need to bring your plants indoors. Once this occurs, cut the stems back to four to six inches. To encourage rapid re-growth, keep the plant in a sunny location and watered, fertilizing about once a month. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas, floral displays. Poinsettias have been through it all before they even get into your hands and find a place in your home. (1) Purchase healthy plants. DO Prune Your Poinsettia If You Plan to Reflower It Next Year. Repot the plant in fresh potting soil that has good drainage. Learn How to grow Poinsettia plant, poinsettia care, Growing Poinsettia and more about plants in this article. Sever a 2 1/2- to 4-inch-long stem from the base of the poinsettia using thoroughly cleaned, sharpened pruning shears. The soil should be organic, sterile and loose. Yes, but make sure you wait until all danger of frost has passed. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! As the bright red bracts fade, water the poinsettia when the soil surface is dry to a depth of 1/2 inch, and don't apply fertilizer. Thoroughly water the plant in so that its root mass is at the same soil depth it was previously at. Break up the soil if it's lumpy, and refill the hole so that the surface of the soil in the container will be level with the surrounding ground. Outdoors Native to Mexico, the poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) doesn't like cold. Remove the plant from its pot and loosen the roots gently. Keep the soil fairly dry, and the plant warm until new growth occurs. Poinsettias (Euphorbia pulcherrima), perennial plants native to Mexico, are prized for the colorful bracts they produce in late fall that make them an excellent addition to holiday decor as potted plants. Those of us lucky enough to live where there are few to no freezing periods can grow the plant directly outdoors. Loosen the roots and place the poinsettia in the hole, filling in around the root ball. Incorporate organic material, like compost, to enrich the garden soil and increase drainage. A purchased blend with peat moss is a good choice. Poinsettias do best in daytime temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 C.) or more and nighttime temperatures of no less than 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 C.). In warm regions, you may also try moving a poinsettia plant outside in a sheltered location. Damp potting soil should be placed at the bottom of the larger container. How to Balance pH With Lime and Peat When Potting, My Christmas Cactus Got Too Much Water & Is Dying, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: GreenShare Factsheets: Poinsettias, New Mexico State University Cooperative Extension Service: Poinsettias: Year After Year, Iowa State University Extension: Poinsettia Care. Some gardeners choose to save the potted plants indoors, especially in cooler regions. The Poinsettia plant is a commercially important plant.The plant is native to Mexico and there are over 100 cultivated varieties. Continue to water and fertilize your poinsettia plant in the same manner. After the last frost, prune your poinsettia by removing the faded red bracts. How many hours of sunlight does a poinsettia need? Ideally, the leaves and protruding stem should be covered with a film of moisture at all times. To force the colorful bracts, you will need to start in October providing special conditions. Water the plant in well. Give the plant 14 hours of darkness and 6 to 8 hours of bright light for 8 to 10 weeks. Although often discarded when they lose their luster following the holiday season, it is possible to care for a poinsettia year-round and encourage annual blooming. Be sure it drains well to avoid root rot . Remove surface soils with accumulated salts. Follow these tips to keep them looking healthy throughout the holiday season! If it is possible, how do I do this? Removing the Poinsettia. That means northern gardeners will need to move the plant indoors by the end of summer. If you live in the Coastal and Tropical South (USDA Zones 9-11), you can plant it outside and it will grow into a large shrub or small tree covered with blooms each winter. The optimum time for transplanting is late spring to early summer. Roots in a tight mass should be loosened or scored with a sharp knife. To thrive and flower prolifically at the correct time each year, a poinsettia may need to be repotted occasionally. Check on your poinsettia once a month. Thanks a lot." Touch the surface of the soil to determine if the plant needs water. Keep the soil moderately moist but never soggy or completely dried out. The whole process will take around 10 minutes. However, it will encourage new growth which can be pinched to encourage denser plants and more bracts. Generally, the cutting of a poinsettia can be placed directly in soil. Re-pot in early June into a larger pot, but make sure the new pot is no more than four inches wider than the original pot. Repotting is also warranted if the plant requires constant watering, there is a white crust of salt accumulation on the soil surface or roots are growing out of the holes in the container's bottom or breaking the container. The plant will benefit from half strength liquid plant fertilizer applied in early March and every 3 to 4 weeks. Decorating with poinsettias always sets a festive mood, and they're relatively low-maintenance houseplants (if you can remember to water your Christmas tree, you can keep a poinsettia alive). Spring is the best time for transplanting a poinsettia into the garden, after preparing the plant. If you spot bugs on your poinsettia, dab them with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to avoid an infestation. Add a light amount of fertilizer in the spring and summer. 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